Keynote Speeches

1. Study, Practice and Thinking on High Performance Modeling & Simulation Technology of Complex System

Bo Hu Li1,2 Xudong Chai2 Tan Li2

1. Beihang University (BUAA), P. R. China 2. Beijing Simulation Center, P. R. China

High Performance Modeling & Simulation Technology of Complex System Team**

**The team consists of researchers from Beijing Simulation Center, Sugon Information Industry Co.,Ltd, Beihang University, Harbin University of Technology, National University of Defense Technology, 10th Research Institute of China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, et. al.

Abstract: Complex Systems are of key importance in national economy, people's livelihood and homeland security. Modern modeling and simulation (M&S) technologies are effective tools and means. Global revolutions in new technologies and industry are inspiring enormous changes in execution pattern, means and eco-system of modern M&S technologies. This paper is presented based on our team's studies and practices on High Performance Modeling & Simulation Technology of Complex System (HPMSCS), which firstly discusses the meaning of complex system and demands of M&S of complex system, and proposes the connotation and body of knowledge of HPMSCS. Then our team's research fruits in HPMSCS are presented in this paper. In simulation modeling methods of complex system domain, simulation modeling method for qualitative and quantitative mixed system, meta-modeling framework based modeling method, simulation modeling method for variable structure system, data-based modeling method, three level paralleling high performance algorithm and problem-oriented paralleling high performance algorithm are presented. In simulation support platform technology of complex system domain, high-performance simulation cloud, multi-disciplinary virtual prototype engineering, complex system simulation language, high-performance simulation computer and high-performance visualization technology are presented. In application engineering technology of complex system domain, VV&A of complex system M&S, simulation result management, analysis and evaluation of BIG DATA are presented. Then several applications on High-performance simulation computer version1.0 developed by our team are briefly introduced. Finally, oriented to demands of M&S of two types of users (high-end users of Complex system M&S, Massive on-demand users of High performance cloud simulation services) and three types of simulation (Digital simulation, Man-in-the-loop simulation, Hardware-in-the-loop/embedded simulation), several worthiness cared research works are proposed, including complex system M&S based on big data and deep learning, smart modeling and simulation cloud technology based on pervasive internet, smart high-performance simulation language for complex system, high-performance simulation computer version2.0 system technology, and VR/AR based simulation result management, analysis and evaluation technologies.

Professor Bo Ho Li was the director of Beijing Institute of Computer Application & Simulation Technology and the first director of Beijing Simulation Center, the Vice President of the science &technical committee of the Second Academy of China Aerospace Science & Industry well as the dean of the School of Automatic Science and Electrical Engineering in BUAA. He was also a member of the council of directors of Society for Modeling & Simulation International (SCS). He served as a member of editorial board of the international journal "Simulation Modeling Practice and Theory" (SIMPAT), the first president of Federation of Asian Simulation Societies (ASIASIM).In addition, he was a member of expert committee of Automation Area and the director of expert committee of Contemporary Integrated Manufacturing System (CIMS) Subject in Chinese National High Technology Research and Development Plan (863 Plan).

He is currently the honorary dean of the School of Automatic Science and Electrical Engineering in BUAA, and serves as the adviser of Beijing Simulation Center and the adviser of the science &technical committee of China Aerospace Science & Industry Corp.. In addition, he is the co-president of Chinese Association for System Simulation (CASS), the vice director of Manufacturing Committee in Chinese Society of Automation (CSA), and a Fellow of the China Computer Federation (CCF). He is the co-chief-editor of the international journal "International Journal of Modeling, Simulation, and Scientific Computing" (IJMSSC). In the fields of simulation and manufacturing informatization, he got 1 first class scientific award and 3 second class scientific awards from China State, and 16 scientific awards from the Chinese Ministries. In addition, he authored or co-authored 280 papers, 13 books and 4 translated books. In 2012, He got the SCS Life time Achievement Award (SCS Modeling and Simulation Hall of Fame) of the Society for Modeling and Simulation International. His recent research is focused on the modeling and simulation of complex system, high performance simulation computer system, cloud simulation, cloud manufacturing, smart Manufacturing and smart city.

2. Human Behavior Modeling: A Challenge for Simulation enabling a Brave New World of Applications.

Agostino G. Bruzzone, Genoa University, Italy.

Abstract: Simulation addresses many application fields. Today complex systems are most promising sectors for M&S considering that to model and to simulate them is often the only suitable approach for investigation. Indeed many complex systems are involving humans as key elements. Sustainability, environment, disasters, defense, industry, supply chain management are just examples where the real systems are strongly dependent on people behaviors. In some case the elements of the system deal with few individuals and their decisions, in some other case large social networks are driving events and actions; in both case M&S needs to address these elements reproducing both rational, emotional, individual and social behaviors related to human beings.

Being able to create human behavior models it becomes possible to carry out experimental analysis and studies otherwise almost impossible; obviously this sector represent a big challenge for M&S community even considering the complexity to model and to validate the HBM (Human Behavior Models).

The presentation addresses methodologies to apply simulation to HBM, guidelines to define the models as well as architectures for properly develop, integrate and test these simulators.

Indeed a major issue in this aspect is the capability to interoperate the HBM with other models in order to support simulation of complex systems. Along these years several interesting researches has been carried out in this sector and the presentation will include models addressing these aspects in different fields including: Natural Disasters, Man-Made Accidents, Transportations, Retail, Food Contamination, Country Reconstruction, Decision Making.

Prof. Agostino G. Bruzzone had his background in engineering studies at Italian Naval Academy and Engineering Faculties of Pisa and Genoa Universities. Currently, he is Full Professor in DIME and President of the International Master Program of Genoa University in Industrial Plant Engineering and Technologies.

He led many R&D projects for major agencies and companies using innovative M&S, AI techniques, including applications of Intelligent Agents, Neural Networks, GAs and Fuzzy Logic to real problems in several sectors. He has been actively involved in the scientific community from several years and served as Associate Vice-President and Member of the Board of the SCS (Society for Modelling & Simulation International), President of the Liophant Simulation, Vice President and Member of the Board of MIMOS (Movimento Italiano di Simulazione), Director and Vice Director of M&S Net. He teaches classes for undergraduates, graduate (e.g. "Project Management" an?"Industrial Logistics") and for the PhD Program in Integrated Mathematical Modeling and Simulation (i.e. "Modelling & Simulation", "M&S for Biomedical System" and "VV&A").

He is author of over 200 scientific papers and several books on M&S, Logistics and Industrial Plants.

3. Current and future trends of virtual and augmented reality simulation in manufacturing engineering

Andrew Y C Nee, National University of Singapore

Abstract: Virtual and augmented reality simulations provide immersive and intuitive experience to the users and are invaluable tools for analyzing manufacturing engineering activities such as design, assembly, prototyping, machining, planning, maintenance, etc. VR and AR have, in fact, been used in a myriad of other applications in almost all fields from entertainment to medicine. This presentation provides the state-of-the-art tools and methodologies in VR and AR and the benefits they have brought to learning and understanding of complex disciplines through realistic simulation. The technology gaps and future research and development requirements are also discussed.

Andrew Y C Nee is a full professor of manufacturing engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore (NUS) since 1989. He received his PhD and DEng from Manchester and UMIST respectively. His research interest is in CAD of tools, dies, fixture design and process planning, distributed manufacturing systems, virtual and augmented reality applications in manufacturing. He is a Fellow of the International Academy for Production Engineering (CIRP) and served as its president in 2012, a Fellow of the Society of Manufacturing Engineers (USA) and its Gold Medal recipient in 2014. He is the Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology (Springer). He serves on the editorial boards of another 20 international journals. He has published over 500 refereed journal papers and conference proceedings, and 18 edited and authored books. He received the Engineering Leadership Award in 2012 (NUS), National Technology Award in 2002 (Singapore), and National Day Award in 2007 (Public Administration Medal, Singapore). Research awards include the Outstanding Young Manufacturing Engineer Award by the Society of Manufacturing Engineers (1982), IJPR Norman Dudley Award (2003), the IMechE Joseph Whitworth Prize (2010), IEEE Kayamori Award (1999). He has graduated 45 PhD students and has a Google Scholar citation of over 9,200 and H-Index 52.

4. Paradigm change for new era IoT society.

Takuro Sato, Faculty of Science Engineering, Waseda University, Japan

All device connectivity and various service continuity will be realized in the forthcoming ear of IoT society. We will be able to enjoy our life in such high grade society through the IoT technologies. For example, smart grid of Home Energy Management System and Factory Energy Management Systems (HEMS/FEMS), automatic driving and smart agriculture will be supported for our life by the IoT technologies. To cater to the IoT society, it is required to establish a next generation network in order to change the industrial structure and to improve our life quality. Recently, next generation network has been developed and studied a lot to realize the requirement of high efficient network for IoT society. For instance, 5G network is on the way to change our society with its fundamental network paradigm transformation in the coming era of IoT society. Moreover, large scale simulations have been developed to realize a even wider connectivity and diversity. Various kind of services as well as devices are included in the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) simulation. This keynote will introduce the intention and the way to simulate future ICT technologies that supporting future IoT societies.

Takuro Sato was born in Niigata Prefecture, Japan, on January 16, 1950. He received the B.E. and Ph.D. degrees in electronics engineering from Niigata University. He was a member of Research and Development Laboratories, Oki Electric Industry Co., Ltd., in Tokyo Japan, where he worked on PCM transmission equipment, mobile telephone and standardization of mobile data transmission and CDMA system for international standardization committee.

During 1977 -1978 Sato developed AT&T AMPS (EIA/TIA-553) cellular phone equipment in Oki Electric Industry, Co. He developed high speed cellular MODEM on AMPS cellular system in USA in 1983. This technology was proposed to be standardized in the CCITT (now ITU) SG17. In 1990, he developed the data transmission system on digital cellular. He developed W-CDMA system named IS-665 in TIA for next generation cellular system. In 1990 the T1P1/TIA Joint Technical Committee (JTC) was organized to evaluate proposed 2nd generation, 1.9 GHz, Personal Communications Systems. He proposed W-CDMA and passed the evaluation tests and became TIA Standard IS-665 and T1P1 Standard J-STD-015 in 1996.

He became a Professor in the Department of Information and Electronics Engineering, Niigata Institute of Technology in 1995. He contributed to the standardization process in IEEE 802.11a. He established the venture company Key Stream to provide LSI integrated circuits to 802.11 wireless LAN systems. In 2004, He became a Professor in Faculty of Science Engineering at Waseda University. Recently he is interested in smart grid technologies cooperated with ICT system including wireless communication. He is also interested in mobile edge computing technologies based on ICN (Information Centric Network) to apply for 5G mobile communication network. He is fellow member of IEICE and fellow member of IEEE.

5. Model Engineering for Complex Systems Simulation

Lin Zhang, Beihang University, P. R. China

Abstract: A complex system is a system with the distinction that its parts and relationships are gathered together under the forces of components and emergence. Generally a model experiences requirement analysis, model design, model construction, model verification and validation (VV&A), model application and model maintenance. These processes compose a complete lifecycle of a model. There much research on certain phase of the model lifecycle for specific domains. But there lacks of generic domain-free methodology to deal with the whole lifecycle of a model of a complex system. Model Engineering (ME) aims at setting up a systematic, standardized, and quantifiable engineering methodology to manage the data, knowledge, activities, processes and organizations/people involved in the full life cycle of the model, in order to obtain the general term of credible model theory, methods, technology, standards and tools with the minimum cost. This lecture will discuss the hard challenges involved in the model lifecycle of a complex system, such as the high complexity and long life cycle of a complex system model, the complex evolution process of a model, the model reuse problem, the huge amount of data, the multidisciplinary collaboration in model development and management, etc. The challenges on developing a complete theory and technology system and philosophy of model engineering and main research topics in model engineering as a sub- discipline of M&S will also be discussed.

Dr. Lin Zhang is a full professor of Beihang Unversity. He received the B.S. degree in 1986 from the Department of Computer and System Science at Nankai University, China. He received the M.S. degree and the Ph.D. degree in 1989 and 1992 from the Department of Automation at Tsinghua University, China. He served as the director of CIMS Office, China National 863 Program, from 1997 to 2001. From 2002 to 2005 he worked at the US Naval Postgraduate School as a senior research associate of the US National Research Council.?His research interests include service oriented modeling and simulation, agent based control and simulation, cloud manufacturing, model engineering for simulation. Currently, he serves as the Past President of the Society for Modeling & Simulation International (SCS), a Fellow of the Federation of Asian Simulation Societies (ASIASIM), the executive vice president of Chinese Association for System Simulation (CASS), an IEEE senior member, a chief scientist of the 863 key projects, and associate Editor-in-Chief and associate editors of 6 peer-reviewed international journals. He authored and co-authored 200 papers, 5 books and chapters. He received the National Award for Excellent Science and Technology Books in 1999, the Outstanding Individual Award of China High-Tech R&D Program (863), 2001, the 2nd prize of Ministry of Education Science and Technology Progress Award in 2013, the National Excellent Scientific and Technological Workers Awards in 2014.

6. Software Decay as a Big-Data Problem Viewed Through the Architectural Lens

Nenad Medvidović, Computer Science Department at the University of Southern California, USA.

Abstract: Engineers frequently neglect to carefully consider the impact of their changes to a software system. As a result, the software system's architecture eventually deviates from the original designers' intent and degrades through unplanned introduction of new and/or invalidation of existing design decisions. Architectural decay increases the cost of making subsequent modifications and decreases a system's dependability, until engineers are no longer able to effectively evolve the system. At that point, the system's actual architecture may have to be recovered from the implementation artifacts, but this is a time-consuming and error-prone process, and leaves critical issues unresolved: the problems caused by architectural decay will likely be obfuscated by the system's many elements and their interrelationships, thus risking further decay. In this talk I will focus on pinpointing the locations in a software system's architecture that reflect architectural decay, the points in time when that decay tends to occur, and the reasons why that decay occurs. Specifically, I will present an emerging catalogue of commonly occurring symptoms of decay - architectural "smells". I will illustrate the occurrence of smells identified in the process of recovering the architectures of many versions belonging a large number of real-world systems. I will also discuss the relationship between architectural smells and the much better understood code smells. Finally, I will discuss several undesirable but common occurrences during the evolution of existing systems that directly contribute to decay. I will conclude by identifying a number of simple steps that engineers can undertake to stem software system decay.

Nenad Medvidović is a Professor in the Computer Science Department at the University of Southern California. Medvidović is the founding Director of the SoftArch Laboratory at USC. Previously he served as Associate Chair for Ph.D. Affairs in USC's Computer Science Department as well as Director of USC's Center for Systems and Software Engineering. Medvidović is currently serving as Chair of ACM's Special Interest Group for Software Engineering (SIGSOFT) and was until recently chair of the Steering Committee for the International Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE). He was the Program Co-Chair of ICSE 2011. Medvidović has served as Associate Editor of several journals, including IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering and ACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology. Medvidović received his Ph.D. in 1999 from the Department of Information and Computer Science at the University of California, Irvine. He is a recipient of the U.S. National Science Foundation CAREER award, the Okawa Foundation Research Grant, the IBM Real-Time Innovation Award, and the USC Mellon Mentoring Award. Medvidović is a co-author of the ICSE 1998 paper titled "Architecture-Based Runtime Software Evolution", which was recognized as that conference's Most Influential Paper. He is a co-author of a textbook on software architectures. Medvidović is an ACM Distinguished Scientist and an IEEE Fellow.

7. Medical and Biological Simulation and Virtual Reality

Myoung-Hee Kim, Dept. Computer Sci. & Eng., Ewha Womans Univ. (Korea) and Director, Center for Computer Graphics and Virtual Reality (CCG/VR, Korea)

Abstract: The field of medical simulation has been developed with advanced visualization and interaction techniques based on medical image computing and the application of medical simulation is expand into virtual reality. Meanwhile, virtual reality technology has just been launched in the field of biological education and training. In this talk, quick overview of the principle exemplifications of medical simulation and the cases of integrating simulation into VR in the medical and biological area will be introduced.

Dr. Myoung-Hee Kim is the Professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engneering at Ewha Womans University and the Director of Center for Computer Graphics and Virtual Reality (CCG/VR, Korea). She received B.S. degree from Ewha Womans University in Korea, M.S. degree from Seoul National University in Korea and Ph.D. degree from Goettingen University in Germany. She is a Fellow of National Academy of Engineering Korea, a Dean of College of Engineering at Ewha Womans University, a President of Korea Society for Simulation and a President of Korea Computer Graphics Society. She works in Board of Director, Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF), Institute for Information Technology Advancement (IITA), Research Institute of Industrial Science & Technology (RIST) and Korea Research Council for Industrial Science & Technology (KOCI). Her awards include the Outstanding Research Top 50 award from Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) in 2006, the Achievement Award from Korean Institute of Information Scientists & Engineers in 2003 and 2008 respectively, the Amore Pacific Award for Outstanding Women in the Sciences (Prize for Scientists and Engineers), in 2008 and the Grand Prize of Korea Computer Graphics from Korea Computer Graphics Society in 2015.

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